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Published byAlfred Douglas Modified over 7 years ago
Homeostasis the physical process that maintains a stable internal environment. (example: body temperature)
Endotherms animals that can generate & regulate their own body heat. Their body temperature stays at a relatively constant level by balancing heat loss with heat production. sometimes referred to as “warm-blooded”
Minimize Heat Loss Heat loss is minimized in most mammals by having a thick coat of fur or thick layer of fat beneath the skin.
Making Some Heat Digestion- Endotherms have to eat fairly often because they burn calories to support their body temperature as well as other functions. Shivering – An involuntary movement that generates heat.
Cool it! Find a cool spot Pant Sweat Reduce Activity Levels (Rest)
All Ears! Radiator ears are a special adaptation Some animals have large ears that have blood vessels close to the surface of the skin. If the outside temperature is cooler, heat is released through the ears.
Ectotherms animals that rely on environmental sources of heat. sometimes called “cold blooded” animals, are poorly insulated and produce heat at a low rate compared with endotherms. They also lose heat to cooler surroundings quickly. regulate their body temperatures by behaviors.
Regulate Body Temperature Many ectotherms are able to regulate their body temperature behaviorally, by moving into and out of sunlight. burrowing under ground /seeking shade Moving in and out of water.
They Just Don’t Need the Calories! They therefore eat only 1/3 to 1/10 of the food needed by endothermic animals. an ectotherm has all this energy available for activity, growth, repair and reproduction. http://www.statemaster.com/encyclopedia/Ectothermic Don’t eat very often.
Types of Ectotherms Reptiles Amphibians Fish Insects
How? Snakes and lizards sunning themselves on rocks.Snakeslizards Fish changing depths in the water to find a suitable temperature.Fish Desert animals burrowing beneath the sand during the day.Desert Insects that warm their flight muscles by vibrating them in place.Insects
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